Introduction botulinum toxin is a neurotoxin produced by clostridium botulinum species of bacteria this powerful toxin which is the most poisonous substance known . Botulinum toxin seven immulologically distinct subtypes identified a g botulinum a toxin isolated in 1920s and purified in 1946 dr david scott. The use of botulinum toxin btx for various non urological indications such as cervical dystonia blepharospasm and strabismus has been well accepted . Foreword vii as indicated in the table of contents this book summarizes essentially all of the lower urinary tract indications and reported uses of botulinum toxin. Read botulinum toxin in urology by michael b chancellor with rakuten kobo bladder injection of onabotulinumtoxina for the treatment of urinary incontinence due to
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